Varicose veins are superficial veins that have become enlarged and twisted. Typically they occur just under the skin in the legs. Usually they result in few symptoms but some may experience fullness or pain in the area. Complications may include bleeding or superficial thrombophlebitis. When varices occur in the scrotum it is known as a varicocele while those around the anus are known as hemorrhoids.
Often there is no specific cause. Risk factors include obesity, not enough exercise, leg trauma, and a family history of the condition. They also occur more commonly in pregnancy. Occasionally they result from chronic venous insufficiency. The underlying mechanism involves weak or damaged valves in the veins. Diagnosis is typically by examination and may be supported by ultrasound. In contrast spider veins involve the capillaries and are smaller.
Treatment may involve life-style changes or medical procedures with the goal of improving symptoms and appearance. Life-style changes may include compression stockings, exercise, elevating the legs, and weight loss. Medical procedures include sclerotherapy, laser surgery, and vein stripping. Following treatment there is often reoccurrence.
Varicose veins are very common, affecting about 30% of people at some point in time. They become more common with age. Women are affected about twice as often as men. Varicose veins have been described throughout history and have been treated with surgery since at least A.D. 400.
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NATURE FOOT REFLEXOLOGY WELFARE CENTER
Pothupatti, Palani Taluk,
Dindigul District, South India.
+91 99420 19199, 98408 45060, 94455 82299.
+91 98408 37080